View Discussions So I’ve been reading about how of late historians are apparently taking to the Jewish nomenclature for our dating calendar. Wikipedia has debated the topic and has refused to come to a conclusive policy. To not rub their noses in Christianity’s glorious doo doo. This is my favourite page of debate on the topic. McNeill, historian and author I am enjoying reading an advance copy of your book, The Human Web , as part of my preparation for revising the Student’s Friend outline of world history McNeill used in his earlier books. I would welcome your reaction to the following thoughts that I placed on my website today. Our calendar is based on the birth of Christ; all years before Christ’s birth have traditionally been designated B. The change was made to mask the Christian basis for the dating system and presumably make it more palatable to non-Christians. The new designation is unsatisfactory on several levels.
607 BCE versus 586 BCE Dating—All’s Good! All’s Well, Couldn’t Be Better!
The meaning of BC is Before Christ. CE is a recent term. It refers to Common Era and is used in place of A.
Before Common Era is now used as an international alternative for ‘BC’ because it is neutral as to religion. So, ‘BC’ and ‘BCE’ have the same meaning, and are followed by ‘AD’ and ‘CE’ which also.
Why the Bible Cannot be the Word of God. Did Moses “write” the Exodus account or someone else, in other words is the Exodus an eye-witness account of the events? Obviously someone else is writing about Moses and describing his activities Cf. The Philistines are portrayed as being in Canaan in the days of Abraham circa B. Archaeology has established that the Philistines are the Pelest of Ramesside era records and they did not settle in Canaan until circa B.
Catholic Exodus date or B. Establishing the date “when” the Exodus account was written in the Holy Bible. The archaeological excavations revealed that some of the sites were in existence only in the 7th century B.
Dating the Bible
Origen was the first to teach the theory of purgatory, Hell was non-existent and all non-baptized infants could not go to heaven. This teaching did not last long and was quickly destroyed. Many as Fifty were killed and buried together, because of the multitudes that were slaughtered. Death was seldom inflicted, persecution was worldwide and many church leaders perished.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. We saw in the same post how the various scripts were subsequently recalibrated so that they brought the Dead Sea Scrolls into line with the Jewish Revolt of the late 60c CE. The handwriting styles of the Dead Sea Scrolls were aligned so that many of them were fresh and hidden in caves around 68 CE. Not all scholars accept that recalibration as the final word. No information in the years since has materially altered this epistemological circularity.
Radiocarbon dates on Qumran texts that have been done until now have not altered this picture. It was believed that a script belonged to the time of the Jewish revolt CE. Therefore the script was formally dated in the chart to the time of the Jewish revolt. And the chart thereby became the standard for dating the scripts. In a future post I will set out in more detail than previously the evidence that would seem to me to knock out of the water this neat alignment of scripts with those dates.
For those interested in the allusion above to problems with radiocarbon dating of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Cross Jr, Frank M.
Welcome to The Crossword Solver
The Ethic of Reciprocity the Golden Rule suggests that one should not intentionally cause unnecessary pain to other humans. We should treat others as we would wish to be treated. Since only one out of every three humans on earth is a Christian, some theologians and other authors feel that non-religious, neutral terms like CE and BCE would be less offensive to the non-Christian majority.
Why fight over such a stupid thing? I don’t care about Christianity and sure as hell don’t care about Islam. God Bless America and no place else. Think this one through genius. Many religious people do the right thing when no one is watching because they know God is watching. How terrible and violent will every day be when everyone around you no longer cares about anything or you.
I don’t think this article really warrants this much tangential rhetoric at all. I can’t remember a time where this has ever been a contentious subject in my life and would seriously question the impact it really has on anyone. To those who are not religious, you already think Christianity and other such beliefs unfounded and are aware of the futility of convincing a person of faith that there views are misguided.
To those religious readers, you are already aware of the folly of the unbeliever and would preach that, while you hope to welcome then into salvation, free will is bestowed from above and personal opinion is between yourself and your maker. Ever so simply put, no god demands individuals to enforce their will on their fellow people and no person should feel impelled to behave thus as they ultimately know no better than the next person.
The most commonly used convention in radiocarbon dating. So the 3rd millennium and the 21st century began at the same moment – on January 01, I was stranded there for two days and was in awe at the accuaracy of your site. I retrived your site now to plan communications with contacts in Japan. Fort Myers , Florida I am a travel specialist of Expedia and I always pull this site up for time references.
The site for sure is really helpful to all sorts.
Dating the Civilization ‘Pride of India’ is a book on the history of Indian Science. In a history book, it is important to get the dates right. The starting point for the dating of the Indus Valley civilization is the excavation in the s, of the Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa sitesRead More →.
Anno Domini The year numbering system used with Common Era notation was devised by the monk Dionysius Exiguus in the year to replace the Diocletian years, because he did not wish to continue the memory of a tyrant who persecuted Christians. Bede also introduced the practice of dating years before the supposed year of birth  of Jesus, and the practice of not using a year zero. The first use of the Latin equivalent vulgaris aerae  discovered so far was in a book by Johannes Kepler.
The phrase “common era”, in lower case , also appeared in the 19th century in a generic sense, not necessarily to refer to the Christian Era, but to any system of dates in common use throughout a civilization. Thus, “the common era of the Jews”,   “the common era of the Mahometans”,  “common era of the world”,  “the common era of the foundation of Rome”.
Modern dates are understood in the Western world to be in the Gregorian calendar, but for older dates writers should specify the calendar used. Dates in the Gregorian calendar in the Western world have always used the era designated in English as Anno Domini or Common Era, but over the millennia a wide variety of eras have been used with the Julian calendar. Although Jews have their own Hebrew calendar , they often find it necessary to use the Gregorian Calendar as well.
The reasons for some using Common Era notation are described below: Jews do not generally use the words “A.
Abraham and the Chronology of Ancient Mesopotamia
The city was already ancient by the time Paul arrived there around 49 CE Acts In fact, its beginnings go back to the fourth century BCE when it was occupied by the Thracians. He eventually established it as a military stronghold in order to protect the lands he had already acquired and the nearby gold mines which yielded him yearly a thousand talents. It was also important as a land route across Asia. Philippi is famous for one particular event.
He placed retired soldiers there to ensure loyalty to Rome and established it as a military outpost.
In the western corner there was a raised altar, dating from the time of king Rehoboam (10th century BCE). Later it was covered by a terrace. On top of it came a second century BCE temple, which uses the basic plan of the Israelite temple, but with a courtyard and two rooms.
The opinions expressed in the comment section are the personal views of the commenters. Comments are moderated, so please keep it civil. Your work is filling large gaps in my awareness of the history of my people. It is so much appreciated! I just finished reading the last Crush Histoty Course no. I loved every one of the courses and I highly recommend it to everyone. Thank Aish and Rabbi Spiro.
What is the meaning of AD, BC, BCE and CE?
Abraham, Mesopotamia, Ebla, Ancient Chronology, Sodom and Gomorrah Introduction Mesopotamia was one of the earliest regions to be inhabited after the great Flood, and it was here that Abraham lived his early life. Although not nearly as popular in the account of the patriarchs as Egypt, Mesopotamia is an important topic for any who undertake research into the historical background of the book of Genesis.
This paper will examine the chronological data known from early Mesopotamia and will attempt to find the historical background of Abraham and the events during his life. This current study will not look at the pre-Abrahamic period as this would go beyond the scope of this article. Instead, by placing Abraham into Mesopotamian history it will allow creationists to have an anchor point to study the rich pre-Abrahamic period and have a better understanding of the development of civilization after the Tower of Babel.
During excavations carried out in a side room of an underground cave, 1, clay stamps from the 3rd and 2nd centuries BCE were exposed. The stamps were used in ancient times for signing letters.
Santorini caldera Geological evidence shows the Thera volcano erupted numerous times over several hundred thousand years before the Minoan eruption. In a repeating process, the volcano would violently erupt, then eventually collapse into a roughly circular seawater-filled caldera , with numerous small islands forming the circle. The caldera would slowly refill with magma, building a new volcano, which erupted and then collapsed in an ongoing cyclical process.
The northern part of the caldera was refilled by the volcanic ash and lava, then collapsed again. The volcano ejected up to four times as much as the well-recorded eruption by Krakatoa in The Thera volcanic events and subsequent ashfall probably sterilized the island, i. This layer has three distinct bands that indicate the different phases of the eruption.
The thinness of the first ash layer, along with the lack of noticeable erosion of that layer by winter rains before the next layer was deposited, indicate that the volcano gave the local population a few months’ warning. Since no human remains have been found at the Akrotiri site , this preliminary volcanic activity probably caused the island’s population to flee. It is also suggested that several months before the eruption, Santorini experienced one or more earthquakes, which damaged the local settlements.